Prostate Health for Aging Adults
Men have prostates, which are small glands near the bladder. Prostates can develop problems like infections or inflammation. Cancer cells can also form in the prostate, which can develop into tumors. There are more than 20 specific forms of prostate cancer.
Symptoms of Prostate Cancer
Unfortunately, prostate cancer doesn’t usually have symptoms until it is in an advanced stage. That’s why screening for prostate cancer is so important.
Screening for Prostate Cancer
There are two main options for screening for prostate cancer. Seniors can receive a blood test, which is called a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test. A doctor may also conduct a physical rectal exam. If a doctor suspects a patient has prostate cancer, a biopsy is almost always necessary for the diagnosis.
Treatment of Prostate Cancer
The most common treatments for prostate cancer include the following:
- surgery to remove tumors
- drug-based therapies
Risk Factors for Prostate Cancer
Men should be certain to get screened for prostate cancer if they:
- Are over 65
- Have a family history of cancer
- Have genetic factors predisposing cancer
- Are African American
- Have an unhealthy lifestyle and poor dietary habits
Why Screening for Prostate is Vital
The obvious reason for screening older men for cancer is that early detection increases odds of survival. There are other reasons for getting screened, though. These include the following:
- Men with prostate cancer may have genes that predispose both their sons and daughters to forms of cancer.
- Researchers can use data about prostate cancer, even if it is non-aggressive, to prevent and treat all cancers.
- Early detection can reduce the intensity of treatment required, as well as the side effects.
- Doctors may be able to begin with the less invasive blood test if a senior’s risk level is low.
Prostate Cancer Prevention
No studies to date have definitively proven a prostate cancer prevention strategy. However, some prevention strategies are believed to reduce the risk of cancer overall, and may improve the body’s ability to fight any kind of cancer.
The following are few prevention tips:
- Eating a healthy, anti-inflammatory diet
- Maintaining a healthy weight
- Staying active
- Attending regularly scheduled doctor appointments
Home Care Tip
For many men, having to experience a rectal exam is the main reason for avoiding prostate cancer screening. Remind senior men that their health (and genes) can affect their loved ones. Any temporary discomfort is worth it.
These are just the basics of prostate health for aging adults. HomeSpark provides non-medical and in-home care services in Bryan/College Station. Our caregivers here at HomeSpark are committed to providing the best care for your senior loved ones in the Bryan/College Station area. Contact us with the link below for more information!