What is Stroke?
A stroke happens when blood flow to part of the brain is cut off. The cells in the brain that do not receive oxygen via this blood flow will die.
The dead cells in the brain can no longer operate. This means whatever functions they performed prior are damaged or lost.
Types of Strokes
The types of strokes include the following:
- A hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a brain aneurysm bursts or a blood vessel in the brain leaks.
- An ischemic stroke occurs when there’s a blockage of a blood vessel to the brain from a blood clot.
- Transient Ischemic Attacks (TIAs) are “mini-strokes,” when brain blood flow stops only briefly. These are a result of blood clots.
Symptoms of Stroke
When it comes to knowing the symptoms of stroke, there’s a simple acronym called FAST. Use this acronym to spot stroke signs and know when to call 9-1-1.
- F – Face Drooping. Does one side of the face droop or is it numb? Ask the person to smile. Is the person’s smile uneven or lopsided?
- A – Arm Weakness. Is one arm weak or numb? Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one arm drift downward?
- S – Speech Difficulty. Is the person slurring his or her speech? Is the person unable to speak or hard to understand? Ask the person to repeat a simple sentence, such as “The sky is blue.” Is the person able to correctly repeat the words?
- T – Time to Call 9-1-1. If someone shows any of these symptoms of stroke, even if the symptoms go away, call 9-1-1 to get the person to the hospital immediately. Time is important! Don’t delay, and also note the time when the first symptoms appeared. Emergency responders will want to know.
Who is at Greatest Risk of Stroke?
Some stroke risk factors are not preventable. For example, risk of stroke increases with age, especially after age 55. Women are more likely to stroke than men. In addition, African Americans are at higher risk than Caucasians.
You can manage, reduce or prevent other risk factors for stroke. For instance, individuals with blood and circulatory diseases, such as diabetes or arterial disease, are at greater risk Those with unhealthy lifestyles, especially obesity or lack of exercise, are also more likely to have a stroke.
These are just the basics of “What is stroke?” Our caregivers here at HomeSpark are committed to providing the best care for your senior loved ones in the Bryan/College Station area. Contact us with the link below for more information!